Middle East


The Middle East, the cradle of civilization, the region where the ancient nations of Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians originated and flourished.

Land by the seas

The Middle Eastern countries are scattered among several masses of water – the Mediterranean Sea, the Red sea, the Dead sea, the Black sea, the Arabian, the Caspian, and the Aral. It is traversed by mighty rivers, like the Euphrates, the Jordan, the Tigris, the Nile which soak the riverbanks and make them fertile, providing people with food. The Taurus Mountain, the Atlas or the legendary Mo...

The Middle East, the cradle of civilization, the region where the ancient nations of Sumerians, Babylonians, and Assyrians originated and flourished.

Land by the seas

The Middle Eastern countries are scattered among several masses of water – the Mediterranean Sea, the Red sea, the Dead sea, the Black sea, the Arabian, the Caspian, and the Aral. It is traversed by mighty rivers, like the Euphrates, the Jordan, the Tigris, the Nile which soak the riverbanks and make them fertile, providing people with food. The Taurus Mountain, the Atlas or the legendary Mount Ararat stand out like the imprint on the ancient ground. This transcontinental region lies in the hot climate of the southwest of Asia, the north of Africa, and the southeast of Europe.

Holy ground of three religions

You will hear Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Hebrew in these countries. Several major religions, such as Christianity, Judaism, and Islam have the holy ground of their roots in the Middle East. In numerous modern Middle Eastern cities, you will see magnificent structures and buildings like Burj Khalifa, the Dubai Fountain, the world’s largest man-made fountain system, Dubai Lake and Gold Souk, a traditional Dubai market.

Other cities such as Mecca have spiritual importance. Nestled in a desert valley in western Saudi Arabia, Mecca is Islam’s holiest city, the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the faith itself. Jerusalem, one of the oldest cities in the world, is considered holy to the three major religions—Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Tel Aviv preserves the history of Jewish communities worldwide in numerous museums.

Hagia Sophia in Istanbul has served different religions, first as the Orthodox Christian patriarchal cathedral, later as an Ottoman imperial mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. Other religious sites include the Blue Mosque in Istanbul, the Sultan Ahmed Mosque, and the Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque in Abu Dhabi. The Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, or the Museum of Cairo, in Egypt add to your historical discovery of the Middle East.

Traveling through the ancient world

What attracts the most attention, are the famous archaeological sites like Petra in Jordan, which is over 2000 years old. With its most famous 45m-high temple, carved into pink sandstone cliffs, it is often called the “Rose City”. Equally emblematic is the Western Wall, or the Wailing Wall, an ancient limestone wall in the Old City of Jerusalem. The world’s most famous attraction is the Giza pyramid complex, an archaeological site on the outskirts of Cairo, Egypt, together with the Great Sphinx of Giza.

The Valley of the Kings, a valley in Egypt where rock-cut tombs were excavated for the Pharaohs and powerful nobles, is a site that no one wants to miss, just like the Luxor Temple on the bank of the Nile River. If you want to see one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, you should pay a visit to the Temple of Artemis, located in Ephesus. It is not only that man created wonders in the Middle East. Nature was as generous. You can float in the Dead Sea, the lowest point on the Earth, which is so salty that one can easily stay on the surface. You can take a bath in Pamukkale, in the mineral-rich thermal waters flowing down white travertine terraces on a nearby hillside.

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